Roan

QUICK FACTS

Scientific Name

Hippotragus equinus

Species Survival Plan

Yes

Habitat

Lightly wooded country and grasslands

Predators

Lion, leopard, spotted hyena and Cape hunting dog

Food

Medium-high grasses and rarely leaves

Originally Native To

Central and southern Africa

Height

54 - 64 inches at shoulders

Weight

495 - 660 lb.

Characteristics

Upper parts are roan colored, lower parts are white, facial mask; horns found in both sexes

Gestation Period

9 - 9.5 months

Offspring

1 calf

Birth Season

Any month

Lifespan

Wild ?
Captivity 17 years

Social Behavior

Harem groups, single dominant male, 6 - 15 animals

iucn_badge_least_concern

About Roan

Roan, the fourth-largest antelopes in Africa, are usually active in the morning, late afternoon and evening. The roan is associated with woodland savannas, but is less a woodland dweller and more of a grassland species. They are selective grazers on perennial grasses, and the herds will concentrate near water during the dry season.

Like most horse antelopes, they are gregarious and territorial. Females occupy a home range encompassing the territories of several males.

Immature males associate in bachelor herds. Herd sizes are smaller for roan than similar antelopes, and they maintain a greater individual distance apart.

A female dominance hierarchy, with the oldest cows holding the highest ranks, is maintained by frequent, low-intensity aggression. Occasionally, young animals will form groups that can stay separated from groups of older animals, including their mothers, for hours or even days at a time.

This suggests that bonds between calves may be stronger than the mother/offspring bond. Immature males are tolerated by the females until they are 2-2.5 years old.

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ANYTHING YOU GIVE HELPS THE ANIMALS

As a private nonprofit corporation, Fossil Rim does not receive national or state government support. Every cent spent or donated here goes in some way, directly or indirectly, toward the care of our animals.