Species Survival Plan
Lightly wooded country and grasslands
Lion, leopard, spotted hyena and Cape hunting dog
Medium-high grasses and rarely leaves
Originally Native To
Central and southern Africa
54 - 64 inches at shoulders
495 - 660 lb.
Upper parts are roan colored, lower parts are white, facial mask; horns found in both sexes
9 - 9.5 months
Captivity 17 years
Harem groups, single dominant male, 6 - 15 animals
Roan, the fourth-largest antelopes in Africa, are usually active in the morning, late afternoon and evening. The roan is associated with woodland savannas, but is less a woodland dweller and more of a grassland species. They are selective grazers on perennial grasses, and the herds will concentrate near water during the dry season.
Like most horse antelopes, they are gregarious and territorial. Females occupy a home range encompassing the territories of several males.
Immature males associate in bachelor herds. Herd sizes are smaller for roan than similar antelopes, and they maintain a greater individual distance apart.
A female dominance hierarchy, with the oldest cows holding the highest ranks, is maintained by frequent, low-intensity aggression. Occasionally, young animals will form groups that can stay separated from groups of older animals, including their mothers, for hours or even days at a time.
This suggests that bonds between calves may be stronger than the mother/offspring bond. Immature males are tolerated by the females until they are 2-2.5 years old.
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