Cheetah

QUICK FACTS

Scientific Name

Acinonyx jubatus

Species Survival Plan

Yes

Habitat

Savannah and open woodlands

Predators

Lion, hyena and man

Food

Wild - small antelope, the young of large antelope, warthog, hare and game birds
Captivity - commercially prepared meat with added vitamins and minerals, rabbits and deer

Originally Native To

Africa, small remnant population in Iran

Height

Over 36 inches at shoulder

Weight

75 - 110 lb.

Characteristics

Yellowish-gray coat with black spots; face marked with dark lines from corner of eyes to corner of mouth; long legs and very long white-tipped tail

Gestation Period

93 - 94 days

Birth Season

Any month

Offspring

Litters of 1 - 7

Lifespan

Wild 7 - 9 years
Captivity 15 years

Social Behavior

Solitary animals; males are territorial and brothers form small, permanent groups; females tend to avoid each other

iucn_badge_vulnerable

ABOUT Cheetah

The sleek cheetah is built for speed and can accelerate from 0-60 mph in seconds. However, it can run only 600 yards before it is exhausted.

The oversized nostrils, flexible spine, enlarged heart and increased lung capacity make it the swiftest hunter on land. Blunt, semi retractable claws grip the ground like cleats for traction, and the long muscular tail acts as a stabilizer, or rudder, during a chase. A cheetah’s stride is about the same as that of a racehorse running at 43 mph.

Cheetahs are completely airborne almost half their running time. Prey is hit from behind with a downward stroke of the forepaw. The cheetah lunges for the throat and secures a grip on the windpipe. Small canines only penetrate a short distance, but its skull is designed to give the cheetah a viselike grip.

Even with all these adaptations, only about half of chases for prey are successful. Cheetah will only eat freshly killed meat and lose many kills to larger predators such as lions and hyenas. These predators will also kill cheetah cubs and account for an extremely high percentage of cub mortality in the wild.

Female cheetahs without cubs live a solitary life with large territories, which often overlap with related adult females. Males and females come together only during breeding episodes that can take place any time during the year. The male plays no part in rearing offspring.

A cheetah mother will keep her litter for about 1.5 years, teaching them to hunt and care for themselves. The males will then disperse together and usually live as a coalition for life. Female offspring leave separately to find and establish their own home range.

Communication among cheetah is achieved with a series of purrs, growls, chirps and hisses. A non-roaring cat, the cheetah can sound exactly like a bird – especially when young.

Fossil Rim has played an important role in the conservation of cheetahs since 1986 when the first litter of babies was born. As of 2018, more than 195 cubs have been born in our Cheetah Breeding Program. Breeding success has been historically difficult in the captive population.

Fossil Rim has diligently worked to provide a comfortable, stimulating living environment, multiple mate choices (especially important for cheetah females), a varied diet, large enclosures and the least amount of stress possible. Fossil Rim has two cheetah areas that combined can house about 25 cats. One area is located on the Scenic Wildlife Drive and the other is in the Intensive Management Area, which is accessible only on a Behind-the-Scenes Tour.

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ANYTHING YOU GIVE HELPS THE ANIMALS

As a private nonprofit corporation, Fossil Rim does not receive national or state government support. Every cent spent or donated here goes in some way, directly or indirectly, toward the care of our animals.