December 12, 2018

Navigate The Path To Your Profession

“Fossil Rim Wildlife Center is dedicated to the conservation of species in peril, conducting scientific research, training of professionals, responsible management of natural resources and public education.”

Taken directly from Fossil Rim’s mission statement, this article spotlights the “training of professionals” aspect with the help of Executive Coordinator Kristen Hannah.

Fossil Rim’s Executive Coordinator who is pictured back in the spring of 2009, Kristen Hannah was a hoofstock intern multiple days per week, as well as a carnivore intern multiple days per week. Hannah is proud to be one of more than 600 people to learn at Fossil Rim via an internship or preceptorship.
Kristen Hannah was a Rhino Intern in the summer of 2008 and later took care of Fossil Rim rhinos as she served on the hoofstock animal care staff.

First of all, it is important to know the variety of internships available, as well as their corresponding application deadlines. The Hoofstock Animal Care Internship is offered in the Spring (deadline of Oct. 1), Summer (March 1), and Fall (June 1). The Children’s Animal Center Internship, the Veterinary Technician Internship, the Rhino Internship, and the Whitfield Collins Carnivore Internship are also offered in the same seasons with the same deadlines.

The Conservation Education Internship is offered from February to June (Oct. 1) and May to November (March 1). The Prairie Grouse Conservation Internship is offered in the Spring (March 1, rolling acceptance).

Last, but certainly not least, the Animal Health Veterinary Preceptorship is available for a six to eight-week period and the applicant submits three blocks of time that would be feasible for him or her during the year. Preceptorship applicants should apply 18-plus months in advance.

Fossil Rim’s intern program began in 1990, while the veterinary preceptee program was added in 1996. The total number of interns and preceptees is more than 600 people in 650-plus internship slots; some people have done multiple internships or transitioned from intern to preceptee.

Though her long-term goal was to become an exotic animal veterinarian, Melanie Dittmer wanted to learn more about animal care during her Hoofstock Behavior Research Internship.

Hannah, who served as Fossil Rim’s intern coordinator for two-and-a-half years in addition to her role as executive coordinator, is one of those 600-plus who partook in at least one internship.

“I was a rhino intern here in the summer of 2008 and, in the spring of 2009, I was actually a carnivore intern multiple days a week and a hoofstock intern multiple days a week,” she said. “I think the intern program here is wonderful. I was looking for something that provided housing, as well as a small stipend, which is hard to come by.

“Fossil Rim is a well-respected facility, and it was suggested to me by a Smithsonian National Zoo staff member. I am very grateful I came here.”

Arriving at Fossil Rim to experience the Veterinary Technician Internship, Allyssa Roberts took full advantage and eventually became Fossil Rim Veterinary Technician.

Those months at the facility opened her eyes to numerous, wondrous species.

“When I came here, I thought all hoofstock was just deer or fancy deer,” she said. “By the time I left a few months later, I was in love with hoofstock. I thought they were the coolest animals with so much diversity. I learned that the rhinos have individual personalities, and I came to appreciate each one; they are still my favorite animals by far.”

Chris Miller showed off his goat training chops during his Children’s Animal Center Internship when he assisted with the 2018 Spooktacular Extravaganza.

Significant life changes can be daunting, but certainly, as compared to a career move, an internship decision is easier to dive into.

“I am from Pennsylvania, and I thought Texas was this scary place of desert, tumbleweeds and thick accents, but I felt I could handle it for a three-month internship,” she said. “Had I been accepted for a job here instead and needed to make a permanent move without time to adjust, I think that would’ve been very intimidating. But an internship that provides housing and covers some living expenses is much less risky, allowing you to travel a great distance and just give it a try.”

The multiple internships of her past come in handy when Hannah is answering questions applicants might have.

Rachel Coxon jumped at the chance to extend her Rhino Internship out to seven months, plus she capitalized on several opportunities to assist with animals beyond the rhino realm.

“Having worked in animal care and done several internships, I can better answer the questions of the candidates when they email me, even though my job is now predominantly in the office,” Hannah said. “I rely on my time as an intern, and then animal care specialist, to answer a lot of their questions. I lived in the intern house, so I also know what it is like to live onsite.”

The housing and stipend helps interns immerse themselves in the Fossil Rim experience without worrying about how they will get by day-to-day.

“Most of our interns don’t take on a second job while they’re here,” she said. “The $300 per month is enough to cover your food and gas, which allows you to be available if your hours have to fluctuate for a special procedure on your day off. If you were trying to juggle another job, that would be difficult. Sometimes an emergency arises and extra hours are required.”

The Whitfield Collins Carnivore Internship was the first internship for Jennifer Ceballos, plus she was the first intern in the career of Fossil Rim Carnivore Specialist Tessa Townsend.

The list of current staff members in addition to Hannah who began as Fossil Rim interns is quite impressive: Allyssa Roberts (animal health), Andrew Bullard (education), Ben Jernigan (animal care), Cara Burch (animal care), Holly Haefele (animal health), Jason Ahistus (animal care), Kristina Borgstrom (animal care), Molly Shea (animal care), Tessa Townsend (animal care), Tim Lloyd (animal care), Vanessa Hays (natural resources), Jess Rector (animal care), and Stephanie Davis (animal care). In fact, Haefele is now the director of animal health and Ahistus is the carnivore curator.

“I know interns from the past 10 years have gone on to work at numerous zoological facilities across the country such as Dallas Zoo, Disney’s Animal Kingdom, Nashville Zoo, Birmingham Zoo, Seneca Park Zoo, San Antonio Zoo, Endangered Wolf Center, The Living Desert, Oakland Zoo, Chahinkapa Zoo, and the best – Fossil Rim,” Hannah said.

Ben Jernigan was a Prairie Grouse Conservation Intern in 2015, and he later returned to Fossil Rim to join the animal care team on the hoofstock staff.

Executive Director Kelley Snodgrass, who has been on staff since 1984, is impressed with the career paths he has witnessed from former interns.

“Those who have come through Fossil Rim to receive professional training have gone on to professions like lead wildlife veterinarians at several institutions, lead education services at Disney, worked within state and federal services, veterinarians, university professors, educators, researchers, animal care specialists, and conservation program leaders,” Snodgrass said.

Even as it has much at stake with numerous threatened and endangered species, Fossil Rim bestows great responsibility on interns to take care of their duties and do a great job in the process.

“Fossil Rim does its internships differently than other places,” Hannah said. “Most of our interns work independently for at least part of their day. We aren’t just holding their hand and walking them through everything. We are trusting them to be responsible adults and exercise quality care for these animals.

“We want to train the next generation and enable these interns to go straight into the career field. The animal care interns are responsible for feeding, cleaning, and observations so they can let let their supervisor or a vet know of something abnormal.”

Veterinary Preceptee Julian Rivera said a steady learning progression regarding fallow deer vasectomy helped him advance to the point to be able to execute the procedure himself. Rivera hit the ground running in December 2017 for the Animal Health Veterinary Preceptorship.

The Rhino Internship is a great example of the responsibility entrusted to interns. They are often alone in a secluded part of the park caring for southern black rhinos, which are critically endangered.

“As an intern, you want to live up to that,” Hannah said. “Taking care of an animal that big can be awe-inspiring.”

While intern supervisors generally prefer candidates who have already graduated from college, it is not always the case.

“Certain internships are eligible for students who are still doing undergraduate studies, such as the Children’s Animal Center Internship, which blends education with animal care,” Hannah said. “(Supervisor) Kristina Borgstrom is usually there, and thus that internship has more supervision. It is a good bridge to other internships here, if you were interested in doing multiple internships.

“The Conservation Education Internship also gives you some animal care experience, as you take care of the ambassador animals at the Children’s Animal Center. Plus, you give tours during the education internship and are able to see different dimensions of the park that way.”

It would be a shame for an aspiring young professional to miss out on an internship opportunity simply because he or she did not carefully read directions.

Christine Lewis came to Fossil Rim with animal care experience, but she was also interested in education and thus pursued the opportunity to be a conservation education intern.

“I really encourage people to read the application directions carefully,” Hannah said. “I get a lot of questions emailed to me or phone calls where people are trying to get information that is clearly listed on our website. That doesn’t make me feel very confident that they are prepared to go off working alone with these animals.

“Pay attention to the deadlines, write the correct company name and internship name. If we don’t get the information we ask for, it’s hard to process your application.”

Internship details and submission requirements are available at Additional general internship info is available at For answers to questions you cannot find at those links, email Kristen Hannah at

“I’m very proud that professional training is one of the five pillars of Fossil Rim’s mission, and our staff takes it very seriously,” Hannah said. “With many of us having internship experience here, we understand how important that training was to us, and we want to impart that experience to future conservationists in this field. We believe in sharing our knowledge, and the world of animal care is very cooperative. Different facilities work closely together, and we apply that mindset to our training, as well.”

-Tye Chandler, Marketing Associate 


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