ADDRA (DAMA) GAZELLE

QUICK FACTS

Scientific Name

Nanger dama

Species Survival Plan

Yes

Habitat

Desert, dry land

Predators

Cheetah, Cape hunting dog, lion, leopard, hyena, jackal and man

Food

Acacia, bush leaves, herbs and grasses

Originally Native To

Sahara and Sahel of Africa

Height

42 inches at shoulder

Weight

Male 125 lb.
Female 90 lb.

Characteristics

Antelope with bright white coat and reddish brown neck; S-shaped horns

Gestation Period

5 - 6.5 months

Offspring

1 calf

Birth Season

August - October

Lifespan

Wild 12 years
Captivity 19 years

Social Behavior

Herds of 10 - 20

iucn_badge_critically_endangered

ABOUT THE ADDRA (DAMA) GAZELLE

Formerly one of the most prevalent Saharan gazelles, this antelope is the largest gazelle species. Extinct in much of its original range, the addra, or dama gazelle, is now a critically endangered species living in small fragmented herds of 10-20, likely comprising a total population of well less than 250 individuals.

During the wet season, they migrate north to the Sahara where, historically, they aggregated in herds of several hundred. In the dry season, they return to the Sahel or dry land of Africa in their smaller groups.

Hunting has been the major cause of decline, especially after the introduction of motorized vehicles and high-powered rifles. Addra habitat has become much more arid in recent years due to climate change. Overgrazing by livestock has also contributed to habitat deterioration.

The addra gazelle is diurnal and requires more water than its desert neighbors, although it can survive long periods of drought. They are highly nomadic, ranging extensively in search of food and water. They may stand on their hind legs in order to reach leaves above normal browsing height.

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ANYTHING YOU GIVE HELPS THE ANIMALS

As a private nonprofit corporation, Fossil Rim does not receive national or state government support. Every cent spent or donated here goes in some way, directly or indirectly, toward the care of our animals.