ADDRA (DAMA) GAZELLE
Species Survival Plan
Desert, dry land
Cheetah, Cape hunting dog, lion, leopard, hyena, jackal and man
Acacia, bush leaves, herbs and grasses
Originally Native To
Sahara and Sahel of Africa
42 inches at shoulder
Male 125 lb.
Female 90 lb.
Antelope with bright white coat and reddish brown neck; S-shaped horns
5 - 6.5 months
August - October
Wild 12 years
Captivity 19 years
Herds of 10 - 20
ABOUT THE ADDRA (DAMA) GAZELLE
Formerly one of the most prevalent Saharan gazelles, this antelope is the largest gazelle species. Extinct in much of its original range, the addra, or dama gazelle, is now a critically endangered species living in small fragmented herds of 10-20, likely comprising a total population of well less than 250 individuals.
During the wet season, they migrate north to the Sahara where, historically, they aggregated in herds of several hundred. In the dry season, they return to the Sahel or dry land of Africa in their smaller groups.
Hunting has been the major cause of decline, especially after the introduction of motorized vehicles and high-powered rifles. Addra habitat has become much more arid in recent years due to climate change. Overgrazing by livestock has also contributed to habitat deterioration.
The addra gazelle is diurnal and requires more water than its desert neighbors, although it can survive long periods of drought. They are highly nomadic, ranging extensively in search of food and water. They may stand on their hind legs in order to reach leaves above normal browsing height.
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