Scientific Name

Nanger dama

Species Survival Plan



Desert, dry land


Cheetah, Cape hunting dog, lion, leopard, hyena, jackal and man


Acacia, bush leaves, herbs and grasses

Originally Native To

Sahara and Sahel of Africa


42 inches at shoulder


Male 125 lb.
Female 90 lb.


Antelope with bright white coat and reddish brown neck; S-shaped horns

Gestation Period

5 - 6.5 months


1 calf

Birth Season

August - October


Wild 12 years
Captivity 19 years

Social Behavior

Herds of 10 - 20



Formerly one of the most prevalent Saharan gazelles, this antelope is the largest gazelle species. Extinct in much of its original range, the addra, or dama gazelle, is now a critically endangered species living in small fragmented herds, likely comprising a total population of less than 100 individuals.

During the wet season, they migrate north to the Sahara where, historically, they aggregated in herds of several hundred. In the dry season, they return to the Sahel or dry land of Africa in their smaller groups.

Hunting has been the major cause of decline, especially after the introduction of motorized vehicles and high-powered rifles. Addra habitat has become much more arid in recent years due to climate change. Overgrazing by livestock has also contributed to habitat deterioration.

The addra gazelle is diurnal and requires more water than its desert neighbors, although it can survive long periods of drought. They are highly nomadic, ranging extensively in search of food and water. They may stand on their hind legs in order to reach leaves above normal browsing height.


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As a private nonprofit corporation, Fossil Rim does not receive national or state government support. Every cent spent or donated here goes in some way, directly or indirectly, toward the care of our animals.